Among various infertility factors, one of the most important is genetic problems of the partners and their reproductive cells. Either it is a genetic disorder that one or both partners suffer from, or the situation in which the genomes of partners are incompatible and combined together result in genetic abnormality of a foetus, or the simple case of deterioration of the quality of the egg or sperm caused by an advanced age – is all of these cases there is a high risk of passing down a genetic disorder onto a descendant. The main way to avoid the disorders is using In Vitro Fertilization supplemented by genetic diagnosis of an embryo. In order for a prospective child to be healthy the solution for the problems with genetic impairments is a diagnosis prior to implantation decreasing the probability of embryo’s disorders. Here is all you need to know about pre-implantation genetic diagnosis.
Pre-implantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) is a diagnostic method developed to detect genetic defects in cells or embryos. The screening can involve an ovum or ova before fertilization or after fertilization as well as embryos prior to intrauterine transfer. It allows to look for a specific genetic disease at a very early stage before the pregnancy is established and therefore only genetically normal embryos are selected to be placed into uterine cavity. It allows not only to eliminate the presence of genetic abnormalities in the embryo that is used for the impregnation, but also to avoid the necessity to prematurely terminate pregnancies already established due to embryo’s impairment. PGD has a similar purpose as prenatal screening, however PGD prevents inducing the pregnancy with the use of embryo carrying a genetic disease while prenatal tests only give the information on embryo or foetus already developing in the womb.
First and most important benefit of pre-implantation genetic diagnosis is making sure that the odds of the child to be healthy are maximized. Checking genetic profile means that the risk of the child having genetic disorder such as monogenic diseases, chromosomal aneuploidy, chromosomal translocation, etc., is virtually absent. In addition to use the procedure of intrauterine transfer of the embryo as a part of In Vitro Fertilization treatment, genetic verification of the embryo decreases significantly the probability of miscarriage or the need for medically induced termination of the conceived child. That is extremely important for patients trying to have a child for a long time not to go through the failed pregnancy and experience disappointment. Last but not least PGD allows the prospective parents to be informed at all the stages of In Vitro Fertilization on all the possibilities and in case of no chance to obtain healthy embryo to consider the use of the donor’s egg or sperm. Making such evaluations and decisions in advance helps to save time and efforts, not forgetting avoiding redundant financial expenditures.
Where to look for help?
Performing PGD requires from a clinic the use of specialized equipment, having the appropriate genetic laboratory, as well as having the experience in carrying out the entire procedure. Not every clinic offers this advanced method and not all the clinics offering are entirely equipped for it. Therefore, it is extremely important to choose the appropriate facility for not only the whole In Vitro Fertilization procedure, but also, and maybe, predominantly, for the best pre-implantation genetic diagnosis services available. The example for an excellent facility offering both top-rated IVF procedures combined with the leading pre-implantation diagnostic tools in the country with cutting-edge laboratories is INVICTA Fertility Clinics in Poland. INVICTA has the most extensive expertise in the country in performance of PGD. All tests are always held by at least two of certified embryologists meaning results are being confirmed twice. Thanks to the latest generation techniques the certainty of the procedure is on the maximal level. For more information on PGD visit invictaclinics.com.
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